Zaporozhye - a city on the Dnieper River, the administrative center of Zaporozhye region, Ukraine. Is one of the largest administrative, industrial and cultural centers of southern Ukraine. Hallmark of the city is a dam and power plant DneproGES.V city limits is Khortytsya - the largest island on the Dnieper. It is believed that in the XVI century. here was located one of the Zaporozhye Siches. Sech on Khortitse not found, but the nearby about. Small Khortytsya located tree-earth town Dmitry "Baida" Vishnevetzkogo, which is considered the prototype of camp. In the northern part of Khortitsa panorama of the dam Dniproges and several rocks. On the island is the Museum of History Khortytsya Zaporizhzhya Cossacks, and recreational centers of large plants Zaporozhye Institute of mechanization of animal husbandry. Island and the surrounding cliffs, the islands are included in the reserve "Khortytsya". In the village of Upper Khortytsya is famous Zaporozhye oak. The diameter of its crown is 63 meters, the circumference of the barrel - 6 meters 32 centimeters, height - 36 meters. The tree has almost dried up in 1990, he remained only one living branch. Dry the branches of oak supported by metal poles. According to legend, under this oak Cossacks wrote his famous letter to the Turkish sultan. The picturesque atmosphere of this event is shown in the famous painting by Ilya Repin. Repin himself in the process of creating the painting to come "on location" on the island of Khortytsya. Landmark in the city are the two double-deck concrete bridge across the Dnieper River, connecting the left and right banks of Zaporozhye across the island Khortytsya.